I first came across landmine victims in 1971 on my first assignment for Red Cross in Vietnam, and when I went back again in 1973-74, we had surgeons who were able to operate on the victims of landmines.
On the occasion of the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action, 4 April, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is once again calling for increased action to end the suffering caused by weapons that keep on killing and devastating lives long after the fighting has ended..
"The international community must continue to act as long as people continue to be killed or maimed by mines, cluster munitions and explosive remnants of war," said Yves Daccord, ICRC director-general. "Greater efforts must be made to clear landmines, cluster munitions and other forms of unexploded and abandoned ordnance. The use of anti-personnel landmines and cluster munitions must also stop."
The ICRC director-general expressed regret that mines and other explosive hazards are not only a legacy of wars long past but also pose a threat from recent conflicts. In Libya, for example, explosive remnants of war are inhibiting the return of people to their homes, as well as slowing post-conflict reconstruction. Although the conflict lasted less than a year, the clearance of these weapons will go on for a long time to come.
The suffering caused by landmines and other unexploded munitions could be greatly reduced if all States joined and fully implemented the international humanitarian law treaties that seek to address the problems caused by these weapons, namely the Anti-Personnel Mine-Ban Convention, the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War.
"While the existing legal framework is a substantial achievement in itself, further investment in its implementation is essential if the humanitarian objectives are to be achieved," said Mr Daccord. In particular, there is a real need to enhance support for people who have been harmed by mines and other lethal remnants of war. They require life-long access to medical, physical rehabilitation and psychological services, as well as assistance in regaining their place in society.
"States need to step up their efforts to destroy stockpiled mines and cluster munitions and to increase the pace of clearance," he said. "In many places, casualty data collection needs to be improved and national implementing legislation to enforce treaty obligations still needs to be adopted."
This year will mark the 15th anniversary of the 1997 Anti-Personnel Mine-Ban Convention. A total of 159 States are party to the convention, including at least 35 that still have mine clearance obligations. The 2003 Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War has attracted 76 States Parties. A total of 70 States are party to the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions and an additional 41 States have signed it.